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Type 2 diabetes and obesity risk for shift workers

New results from the Science Translational Medicine has indicated that shift workers are placing themselves at increasing risks of developing type 2 diabetes and obesity.  Misplaced sleeping patterns, or not sleeping at all were monitored by 21 people who participated in the study in the United States of America.

The controlled experiments initially looked at the test subjects with 10 hours of sleep per night. This was followed by three weeks where their body clocks and sleeping patterns were disrupted. During this time participants were only allowed 6.5 hours of sleep which saw sugar levels significantly increase immediately after a meal. Similarly insulin production was also reduced.

Three participants had sugar levels so high that they would be described as “pre-diabetic”. Metabolic rates were also reduced which slows down the body’s ability to break down fats. This can lead to more cases of obesity. In one participant there was an 8% drop in his resting metabolic rate.

Lead researcher Dr Orfeu Buxton said: “we think these results support the findings from studies showing that, in people with a pre-diabetic condition, shift workers who stay awake at night are much more likely to progress to full-on diabetes than day workers”.

Diabetes and obesity are becoming more and more frequent in the UK, and with quick detection and treatment, patients can lead a normal life. However in many cases, there are significant delays in diagnosis and medication which can have devastating consequences on patients. If you believe that you have been poorly treated by your doctor then contact our specialist clinical negligence team today.

 

Source - BBC News

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